Elections and Voting Rights

The National Assembly election was held on 29 July 2018.  The day passed without violence.  According to numbers released by the National Election Committee, 77% of valid (unspoiled) ballots were cast for the ruling party and 23% were cast for minor parties.  The ruling party claimed all 125 seats in the national assembly.

Election Monitoring by NGO-CEDAW:

NGO-CEDAW observer (in blue, left) watching ballot count in 2017 local election

On 4 June 2017 the commune elections were held in Cambodia.  NGO-CEDAW trained and deployed almost 600 election observers to polling stations on Election Day.  Observers checked for gender differences in voters, election staff, and monitors as well as results and procedure.  The report is available here in English.

NGO-CEDAW previously conducted election observation for the 2013 national elections. The report can be read here: English version.

Election monitoring is important to the advancement of gender equality in Cambodia because women have been under-represented in elected office and in other decision-making positions. Encouraging  the  full  participation  of  women  at  all  levels  of  democracy,  starting with voter participation and election monitoring is part of a strategy to improve women’s equal participation in the political process.

In 2016, all voters (including those who voted in the past) were required to register to vote between September 1, 2016 and November 29, 2016 in order to vote in the local elections. Approximately 8 million voters were registered, out of an estimated 9.8 million eligible Cambodians.

Background on Election Laws:

In 2015, the Cambodian government passed new amendments to the laws on the National Election Committee and on national and local elections.  NGO-CEDAW wrote analyses of the election laws passed in early 2015. You can read them here in English. LEMNA analysis;  NEC Analysis

All of the election laws have been amended since this analysis was written. Some laws were amended up to 3 times in 2017 alone.  It should be noted that in none of the amendments were provisions made to promote the inclusion of women in elected or appointed public office.